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Past Perfect & Past Perfect Progressive

Past-Perfect-Past-Perfect-Continuous-Review.png

Past Perfect:
past_perfect_tense.png

There are two past tenses used to describe things that happen before another point in time in the past. Use the past perfect to talk about an event which had happened at some point in time before something took place.

Tom had interviewed five times before he got his first job.
She
had already eaten by the time they arrived.

Past Perfect Progressive:
ppp.png

The past perfect progressive is used to express how long something had been going on before something important happened in the past.

Jane had been studying for four hours when he came home.
Jack
had been driving for over six hours when he finally pulled over to have lunch.

 

Past Perfect Structure:

Positive         Subject + had + past participle

I, You, He, She, We, They had finished before I arrived.

Negative        Subject + had + not (hadn't) + past participle

I, You, He, She, We, They hadn't eaten before he finished the job.

Questions      Question word + had + subject + past participle

What -> had he, she, you, we, they thought before I asked the question?

 

Past Perfect Progressive Structure:

Positive        

Subject + had + been + verb + ing

I, You, He, She, We, They had been working for two hours when she telephoned.

 

Negative       

Subject + had + not (hadn't) + been + verb + ing

I, You, He, She, We, They hadn't been paying attention for long when he asked the question.

 

Questions     

Question word (often 'How long') + had + been + subject + verb + ing

How long -> had he, she, you, we, they been working before he arrived?

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